Monthly Archives: September 2014

September 2014 Vol 6 (3) Edition

https://bccjanewsletters.files.wordpress.com/2014/09/7cb06-maple-leaves.jpgNews From the BCCJA Board

In case you were wondering the BCCJA Board Officers are:

  • Tim Veresh – President
  • Hank Mathias – Vice-President
  • Bill Turner – Treasurer

Plans are afoot for the presentation of public forums in the lower mainland this coming year.  Please watch the BCCJA website www.bccja.com for more information.

As noted in the June 2014 Newsletter, the Board is continuing to work on plans to reshape the association to enable greater involvement of our members.  There will be more news about this later this year.

And if you were wondering, our Island affiliate, the Vancouver Island Criminal Justice Association (VICJA) is putting the Canadian Criminal Justice Association Public Education funding it received this year to good use.  VICJA members are back sponsoring another year of public forums on criminal and social justice issues beginning with the first focused on the mentally ill and the criminal justice system.

VICJA is supporting efforts of Moms Like Us to establish a Clubhouse (see
www.clubhouse-intl.org) in Victoria.  There are Clubhouses in Richmond, Port
Alberni and Sechelt.

“Clubhouse — open 365 days a year to help fill the gap between hospital and
home life for those with mental illness.  Results in reduced hospital stays
and police interactions.  There are 322 Clubhouses worldwide and the
original clubhouse is the 2014 recipient of the Conrad Hilton Humanitarian
award of $1.5 million. Victoria must have one.”

A Word From Your Editors…

As you can no doubt appreciate the Newsletter remains a work in progress…both in terms of content (obviously) and form. This means you may find items of interest categorized differently than you might if you were doing it.  All that to say please do look around this editions offerings and if some of our placements are hard to comprehend please let us know.

And do remember we are always looking for guest editorials, information on conferences and training events.  Just drop us a line at  newsletter@bccja.com.

Newsletter Summary of Contents

Criminal Justice Policy (11 items) Mental Health (11 items)
Criminal Justice System (5 items) Social Capital (0 items)
The Law and Courts (7 items) International News (1 item)
Law Enforcement (8 items) Women and the Criminal Justice System (9 items)
Children and Youth (8 items) Related Interest (3 items)
Corrections and Community (7 items) National Security (0 Items)
Criminal Behaviour (1 item) Did You Know? (3 Items)
Victims of Crime (5 items) Important Sources and Resources
Sexual Offenders (5 items)

Upcoming Events

36th Annual BCCPA Training Symposium – Responsibility + Action = Power.

Symposium Date:  October 30 – November 1, 2014
Location: Delta Burnaby Hotel and Convention Centre – 4331 Dominion Street, Burnaby, BC

Symposium Program details:  Symposium Program
Registration Form:  Symposium Registration Form

Police Victim Services of British Columbia Symposium
30th Annual Training Symposium

Burnaby, British Columbia
May 07 – 09,  2015
Delta Burnaby Hotel and Convention Centre

Foundational Violence Risk Assessment and Management Workshop for
Higher Education

November 3-7, 2014 – Chatham, Ontario
Learn More

Foundational Violence Risk Assessment and Management Workshop for
Higher Education

December 8-12, 2014 – Langley, British Columbia
Learn More


Trinidad and Tobago Police Service 1st Law Enforcement Conference

TTPS-Law-Enforcement-Conference-Flyer.jpg7th – 9th December, 2014 at the Hyatt Regency Trinidad.

Any questions please send an e-mail to conference@ttps.gov.tt or call 623-4022 (Mon – Fri. 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.).  You can also log on to www.ttps.gov.tt for further information.

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Criminal Justice Policy

Ontario group to examine aboriginal justice issues
A new advisory group set up to examine aboriginal justice issues in Ontario has begun meeting.  Representatives from the Law Society of Upper Canada, Legal Aid Ontario, and aboriginal communities are part of the 12-member advisory group, which will look into the challenges First Nations communities face in the justice system.  Read more.

Mandatory minimums branded ineffective, overly constraining
The Supreme Court should stem the rising tide of mandatory minimum penalties by taking a “more robust” approach to the Charter’s protection of fundamental justice and ban on cruel and unusual punishment, according to a new report which says Canadians can’t afford the rising social, financial and legal costs of mandatory minimum penalties  Read more.

Give up chasing the ‘reoffending rainbow’
Becky Clarke of Manchester Metropolitan University was inspired by the contributions of others to pull together thoughts on an issue which increasingly challenges researchers and providers in criminal justice – chasing the rainbow of reductions in ‘reoffending’.  Read more. CJP

Questions arise over drop in electronic monitoring of B.C. convicts
Electronic monitoring of recently released convicts has dropped sharply in B.C. in recent years, numbers released by the government show.  The Crown did not seek electronic monitoring for Raymond Caissie, a high-risk sex offender who has now been charged in the slaying of a Surrey teen.  Read more

Reducing violent crime needs more than legal remedies
The murder of 17-year-old Serena Vermeersch was an entirely preventable tragedy. So are too many of the brutal, criminal acts that occur every week across the country.  Daphne Bramham argues the answer isn’t simply increased electronic monitoring, more dangerous offender designations or tougher, longer sentences. Read more.

Substance-abuse centre calls for Canadian pot-policy review
The Health Canada-funded Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse is calling for a broad review of marijuana policy, including a closer look at the impact of legalization south of the border in Colorado and Washington.  Read more.

Sex Offender Laws have gone too far
The United States has the most draconian sex registration laws in the world. As a result, the number of registrants across the nation has swelled—doubling and then doubling again to 750,000—in the two decades since Jacob’s Law passed, according to data collected by the Center for Missing and Exploited Children. Interesting article documenting the vocal opposition to Sex Offender Registries by one who was instrumental in their implementation. Read more.

Ohio program links educators with Criminal justice agencies
Fourteen universities in Ohio have joined the Ohio Consortium of Crime Science, which brings social science researchers and local criminal justice agencies together to solve real-world problems. The federally-funded program, created by the Ohio Department of Public Safety’s Office of Criminal Justice Services, is the first of its kind in the country. The Consortium aims to promote evidence-based approaches to help solve local and state crime related problems by linking educators around the state with local criminal justice agencies. Read more.

Media representations of crime and criminal justice
To date, criminologists have approached the media from a communications perspective that, directly or indirectly, treats them as a powerful social force. However, systematic research (conducted mainly outside but also within criminology) has failed to substantiate this image: the media may be an ubiquitous ingredient in daily life, but their influence is crucially mediated by social and psychological variables. Further progress in critically assessing the power of the media will depend on developments in media and communications theory rather than criminology. Read more.

Success-Oriented Funding: Reforming Federal Criminal Justice Grants
A new policy proposal from the Brennan Center for Justice at NYU School of Law suggests the president make broad reforms to federal grants across the country that fund state and local law enforcement. Specifically, the president should use his executive authority to recast all federal grants for criminal justice in a “Success-Oriented Funding” model, in which the flow of dollars is linked to the achievement of clear goals. Read more.

Crime Waves & The Tragedy of Mass Incarceration
The homicide rate in the United States is now back down to levels that prevailed in the 1950s. (See Figure 1.) The incarceration rate has peaked, but remains extremely high compared to the rate we saw then and the rate we see now in other countries. A new report by the Marrion Institute of Urban Management suggests that instead of asking whether all types of punishment deter crime, we should ask instead which types of punishment deter crime.  Read full report.


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Criminal Justice System

Ontario legal system inaccessible: chief justice
Ontario’s legal system has grown so expensive and bogged down by red tape that it’s now inaccessible to many of the people it’s meant to serve, the province’s new top judge warned on his first full day on the job.  Read more.

Staffing cuts strain Justice Department
The Conservative government has been sharply reducing the expertise on hand in the Justice Department, even as its tough-on-crime agenda continues to be a major priority, with dozens of laws being debated and changed at the same time. The Justice Department has experienced sharp cuts to the number of researchers and lawyers and frequent demands for the speedy drafting of new laws, according to interviews with former senior bureaucrats and the release of an internal report. Read more.

REDEEM Act aims to fix Criminal Justice System
A pair of US senators from opposite sides of the political spectrum have teamed up in a bid to fix “the nation’s broken criminal justice system.” Sens. Cory Booker (D-NJ) and Rand Paul (R-KY) earlier this summer introduced the Record Expungement to Designed to Enhance Employment Act, generally referred to as the REDEEM Act. Read more.

The Color of Justice
The shooting death of Michael Brown, by police, in Ferguson, Missouri prompted considerable media attention. This article, by the New Yorker, discusses the incongruence in perceptions of justice by white and black Americans. The article also links to the Sentencing Project report. Read more.

Criminal justice support gateway
There has been a move in the United Kingdom to commission criminal justice liaison and diversion services, with mental health nurses beginning to be located in police custody suites. In fact, the role of liaison and diversion services is wider than this, including the provision of support in magistrates’, youth and, eventually, Crown courts, as well.  Read more.

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Law and Courts

Saskatchewan courts miss mark in aboriginal sentencing, former judge urges

An outspoken retired judge is accusing the judiciary of failing Canada’s aboriginal peoples by ignoring their history of disadvantage when crafting sentences – even as the proportion of aboriginal men and women behind bars continues to rise. Read more.

Chief Justice pushes back against bias claims, insinuations of kangaroo court
Federal Court of Canada Chief Justice Paul Crampton is pushing back against suggestions of bias in the government’s favour following Justice Marc Nadon’s failed nomination to the Supreme Court of Canada. Read more.

The Supreme Court of Canada’s ‘Parasitic’ Aboriginal Activities
Court decisions in the United States and Canada regarding Indians are full of metaphors which are accorded the honorific labels “law” and “legal.” Read more.

Tsilhqot’in Supreme Court Decision Webinar
Implications of the BC Premier Sept 11th, 2014 Meeting with First Nation Leadership Council & BC Chiefs regarding the Tsilhquot’in Supreme Court of Canada Decision Webinar.  Read more.

Scrap ‘callous’ $200 protection fee for women, B.C. watchdog says
B.C. women who fear violence from the men in their lives should not have to pay $200 when they seek protection orders from the B.C. Supreme Court, says B.C.’s representative for children and youth.  Read more.

Homeless man’s sentence stands but mental health to be considered
While the Saskatchewan Court of Appeal will not interfere with the sentence imposed on a man for theft, it recommended steps be taken to address the man’s mental health issues and homelessness once he is released from custody .  Read more.

LEAF intervenes with Asper Centre for Constitutional Rights
LEAF intervenes  for Constitutional Rights at the Supreme Court of Canada to Advocate for Equality in Criminal Justice System: R v. Kokopenace  (This October, the Supreme Court of Canada will consider whether the systematic exclusion of Aboriginal on-reserve residents from the jury roll, or their under-representation in the jury pool in Ontario, violates fair trial rights under ss. 11(d) and 11(f) of the Charter, and s. 15 rights of an accused and the rights of Aboriginal on-reserve residents as potential jurors.) Read more.

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Law Enforcement

Q and A: RCMP Assistant Commissioner Gilles Michaud
Seven storeys of mirrored glass cladding the monolithic Ottawa office building aren’t merely cosmetic. Behind the shield lies the RCMP’s year-old National Division, mandated to guard Canada’s “political, economic and social integrity.” Read more.

Report identifies ways to improve mental health training and education for police
A new report released yesterday by the Mental Health Commission of Canada identifies ways to improve the mental health training and education that police personnel receive. Read moreFull Report.

Canadian police services go easy on military purchases
As the United States questions a federal program that funnels surplus military equipment to local police departments, a similar Canadian program has not warranted the same scrutiny.  Read more.

Joint Serious Offences Team already having an impact
Last year, the Ontario Securities Commission, the country’s largest securities regulator, created a new specialized team in an attempt to tackle the worst financial crimes. Read more.

Police Chief Bill Blair ordered to investigate Toronto police suicides
The recent suicides of two Toronto police officers prompted the chair of the Toronto Police Services Board to demand Police Chief Blair complete comprehensive report of officer suicides over the last 5 years. Read more.

Social issues impacting police
Local police are finding themselves increasingly confronted with serious social depravation and mental health problems when they are called out to deal with reports.  Read more.

Violent crime in 1st half of 2014 drops 44 percent compared to last year
Berkeley Police Department data from the first six months of 2014 show a drop in rapes, robberies and aggravated assaults, driving down overall violent crime by 44 percent compared to the same time period last year.   Read more.

Law Enforcement Can Now Search for Faces, Not Just Fingerprints
The Next Generation Identification system is an upgrade from the Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System used today.   Read more.

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Children & Youth

Hidden in Plain Sight: A statistical analysis of violence against children
Interpersonal violence – in all its forms – has a grave effect on children: Violence undermines children’s future potential; damages their physical, psychological and emotional well-being; and in many cases, ends their lives. The report sheds light on the prevalence of different forms of violence against children, with global figures and data from 190 countries. Where relevant, data are disaggregated by age and sex, to provide insights into risk and protective factors. Read report.

Program offers youth free and low-cost tattoo removal
‘Ink Out,’ through Valley Immediate Care, gives at-risk youth a second chance Read more.

To have and have not: A disturbing study of the link between incomes and criminal behaviour
“POVERTY”, wrote Aristotle, “is the parent of crime.” But was he right? Certainly, poverty and crime are associated and was once again confirmed in a recent Swedish study. The study included more than half a million children born in Sweden between 1989 and 1993. The researchers found that teenagers who had grown up in families whose earnings were among the bottom fifth were seven times more likely to be convicted of violent crimes, and twice as likely to be convicted of drug offences, as those whose family incomes were in the top fifth. Read more.   Read full journal article.

Will This Be the Year JJDPA Is Reauthorized?
Forty years after its birth, the landmark federal Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act could be reauthorized by Congress this year. Reauthorization can hardly come soon enough for juvenile justice advocates: The JJDPA, the main federal juvenile justice law, is supposed to be reauthorized every five years, but has not been since 2002. Then, few substantive changes were made. It has not undergone major amendment in nearly two decades. Read more.

This Is New York: Gabrielle Horowitz-Prisco, Director of Juvenile Justice Project on Protecting Children
New York is one of two states that prosecute 16 and 17 year-olds as adults. Around 100 teenagers are housed in solitary confinement at Rikers Island at any given time as reported the Center for Investigative Reporting. In August, the United States attorney in Manhattan released a report documenting Rikers prison guards’ disturbing brutality, including an incident that resulted in the skull fracture of an inmate. The crime and punishment discourse has however shifted from the conventional wisdom that prisons are not supposed to be nice places and a part of the impetus for the change is due to the behind-the-scenes work of people like Gabrielle Horowitz-Prisco. Read more.

The Case for Abolishing Juvenile Prisons
In her recent book, Burning Down the House, journalist Nell Bernstein argues that juvenile prisons should be abolished altogether.  Read more.

OP-ED: International Perspectives on Juvenile Detention and Solitary Confinement
This article criticizes the pervasive practice of juvenile solitary confinement in the United States, and elsewhere, highlighting the recommendations made by the European Committee for the Prevention of Torture, for setting maximum segregation times in Austria, Cyprus and Germany. Read more.

University study documents juvenile sex trafficking in Minneapolis
New University of Minnesota study aimed to examine the trade as an industry, and found sophisticated systems to recruit, retain and intimidate young teens into the sex trade and then market victims to meet demand for sex in varied communities. Read article. Read study here.

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Corrections and Community

Typically there are hundreds of articles that are published in a four month period that speak to the mistreatment of inmates in correctional facilities, the longstanding issue of overcrowding, the lack of services/programs made available to inmates and the inability of all manner of local, provincial, state and national government systems to justly and humanely administer correctional services. Uncovering a good news story relative to corrections is challenging but not insurmountable; and arguably a “good news” story can be equally as informing as a “bad news” one. What follows is a selection of both.

Canada’s prison paradox: Corrections system expands as severity, number of criminal offences falls
Statistics Canada reported that between 2012 and 2013, the index that measures crime rates and the severity of offences went down by almost 10 per cent. The report follows a steady decline in crime rates in the last decade that also saw a 36-per-cent drop in the severity of offences. Yet discussions about overcrowded prisons continue as governments build new or expanded facilities to manage the overflow. Read more.

Prison suicide report harshly critical of Corrections Canada procedures
The federal prison watchdog says Corrections Canada must stop isolating mentally ill, suicidal or self-harming prisoners, saying inmates in segregation units can all too easily kill themselves. In a report released on World Suicide Prevention Day, Howard Sapers said almost half of the suicides reviewed by his Office of the Correctional Investigator took place in segregation cells supposedly under close monitoring. Read more

Corrections Canada seeks new powers as contraband seizures rise
The number of drugs, weapons, booze and other banned items seized in Canadian prisons increased more than 20 per cent over the last two years, as the Correctional Service of Canada seeks sweeping new powers to further crack down on contraband. However, some prisoner advocates say the proposed changes — to allow more intrusive and frequent searches and restrictions on visitors — could hamper rehabilitation and ultimately compromise public safety. Read more.

N.W.T. corrections says segregation protected inmates
Administrative segregation at the North Slave Correctional Centre was used for a total of 3,000 days over a period of two and a half years. Read more.

Coming to Terms with the Cost of Prisons in Canada
On August 10th, people both inside and outside the prison system came together in solidarity against prisons and the global rise of hyper-incarceration. In 1975 Prison Justice Day began as a day of silence and mourning amongst Canadian prisoners, since then the occasion has spread across the world, fueled by an increasingly widespread understanding of the immense social costs of prisons. Read more.

How Gangs Took Over US Prisons
Originally formed for self-protection, prison gangs have become the unlikely custodians of order behind bars—and of crime on the streets.  Read more.

How prisons can help inmates live meaningful lives
In the United States, the agencies that govern prisons are often called ‘Department of Corrections.’ And yet, their focus is on containing and controlling inmates. Dan Pacholke, Deputy Secretary for the Washington State Department of Corrections, shares a different vision: of prisons that provide humane living conditions as well as opportunities for meaningful work and learning. Read more.

California prisons to dramatically alter treatment for mentally ill inmates
Four months after a federal judge in Sacramento declared that conditions for mentally ill inmates in the state’s prisons were “horrific,” California corrections officials unveiled sweeping new policies that will house them in specially designed units, provide greater time out of their cells and offer vastly increased treatment for the ill prisoners. Read more.

Prisons Are Facing Aging Populations, Too
The number of U.S. prisoners age 50 and over has increased 330 percent since 1994.  Read more.

Graying of SC prisons will cost state’s taxpayers
In the past decade, the number of S.C. inmates age 55 and older has more than doubled, according to the S.C. Corrections Department. At the end of June, one in every 11 inmates was 55 or older. The graying of the state’s prison system will continue, experts warn, barring changes in the state’s parole system. They add that the aging prison population stands to become even more expensive for taxpayers to support. Read more.

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Criminal Behaviour

Judges Turn to Risk-Evaluation Tools in Sentencing Decisions
Many U.S Judges are adopting more systematic approaches to assessing likelihood of reoffending.   Read more.

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Victims of Crime

Victims Face Obstacles in Collecting on Criminal Restitution Orders
While it can initially seem like a victory for a crime victim to be awarded a Restitution Order by a Canadian Court , in reality it usually is not. Collecting on such orders is frustratingly elusive due to the many protections that offenders enjoy, impeding the victims who are seeking outstanding restitution through civil court. Read more.

Report on Human Trafficking “just the tip of the iceberg”
New Research on Human Trafficking has found more than double the number of victims in Ontario over a three year period than the number of cases the RCMP has reported for the entire country since 2005. Article links to National Action Plan to combat Human Trafficking. Read full article here.

One-Year Status Report of B.C.’s Action Plan to Combat Human Trafficking
The One-Year Status Report of B.C.’s Action Plan to Combat Human Trafficking is now available  This report is a summary of the immediate actions and additional activities completed in the first year of the three year action plan.  Report.

Victims who knew the perpetrator were more likely to report it
Nearly 70% of people endure severe social or emotional problems after being the victim of a violent crime, but only about 12% of those who had problems received help from victim services, according to a new report from the Department of Justice. Just over half of victims who suffered from socio-emotional problems reported the crime to the police. Read more.  Report.

Victims of crime lose out to our desire to punish
New research reveals the bias costing victims of crime their compensation  Insufficient resources may not be the only thing preventing victims of crime from being compensated, according to new research from London Business School and George Washington University. Read more.

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Mental Health

The Mental Health Commission of Canada (MHCC) has released a new report outlining 16 key recommendations for police education and training to better prepare Canadian police personnel for interactions with people with mental illness. Read more.     See full report.

Vancouver mayor’s first report on mental health and addiction identifies priorities for addressing a crisis
The city has published its first report on mental health and addiction nearly one year to the day that Mayor Gregor Robertson stood beside Vancouver police chief Jim Chu to ask higher levels of government for support in addressing those issues. News Story and Mayor’s Report

Georgia Straight publishes a three part series on the mental health crisis facing the city and beyond.

  • Part 1 Vancouver Police still seeking help to prevent a mental-health crisis.
  • Part 2 Amid a mental-health crisis, Vancouver care providers revisit the debate on institutionalization
  • Part 3  Vancouver service providers fail to get ahead of a mental-health crisis

The violent stigma around mental health issues
Americans are vastly misinformed about the link between mental illnesses and violence according to a University of Washington report.  Read more.   UW Report here.

Whatcom county mental health courts promote public safety, help those in need.
Whatcom County and the City of Bellingham are in the process of creating a mental health court program to promote public safety by treating criminal offenders with mental illness in a much more cost-effective and humane manner than traditional prosecution. Read more.

More must be done to help people with mental health problems stay in work
More help is urgently needed to help people with mental health problems stay in their jobs, says the UK’s chief medical officer, warning of the toll of mental illness on individuals and the economy. Read more.

A Chance to Fulfill JFK’s Vision of Community Behavioural Health Care in America
Ginger Lerner-Wren created the first Mental Health Court to decriminalize mentally ill in the USA. The RAND Corporation conducted the first economic impact study on mental health courts (Allegheny, Pennsylvania) and was now tasked in a public health needs assessment to aid the state of California with its federal court mandate to realign its state prison population. Read more.

Towards an Integrated Network
St. Leonard’s Society of Canada 2013 publication on “Working Together to Avoid Criminalization of People with Mental Health Problems” Report.

San Antonio Reduced Its Jail Population by Treating the Mentally Ill
Over 15 years, Bexar County built a complex system to divert people from jail and into a spectrum of mental-health and social service programs. They’re still building, and other locales are paying attention. Read more.

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Sexual Offenders

Efficacy of Sex Offender Treatment Still Up in the Air
High-quality studies are lacking on whether treatment lowers risk of reoffending. Read more.

Life Inside a Community of Sex Offenders
Along southern Florida’s Muck City Road, hidden among hundreds of acres of sugar cane, sits Miracle Village, pop: approximately 150. Most of its residents are convicted sex Read more.

80% Of Central American Women, Girls Are Raped Crossing Into The U.S.
As the number of Central American women and girls crossing into the U.S. continues to spike, so is the staggering amount of sexual violence waged against these migrants who are in search of a better life. Link to article here. Link to Fusion Report here. Link to Amnesty International Report here.

Former judge says rape conviction rates will not improve until ‘women stop getting so drunk’
In reviewing the articles related to sexual offending over the last reporting period, there was one that continually came to the fore, concerning remarks made by a former UK Judge, who suggested that rape conviction rates will only improve when women decrease their alcohol consumption. While many commentators vilified the former justice, others took a more broad approach and put the judge’s comments into perspective, relative to juries. The “pro” and “anti” views are attached.

Some Recent Research on Sex Offenders and Society’s Responses to Them
The materials summarized in this compilation come from Criminological Highlights, an information service produced by the Centre for Criminology & Sociolegal Studies at the University of Toronto.   Report.

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Women and the Criminal Justice System

While we have struggled over the previous two issues to locate articles of relevance regarding the role of women in the criminal justice system, for this issue, we’ve had a relative boon of articles to choose from.

Government of Canada releases Action Plan to Address Family Violence and Violent Crimes Against Aboriginal Women and Girls
Government of Canada’s Action Plan to Address Family Violence and Violent Crimes Against Aboriginal Women and Girls has been released.  Read more.

Endemic rape, sex trafficking and appalling levels of domestic violence: Why the US and Canadian Arctic is one of the world’s most dangerous places to be a woman
On a freezing night last February, the body of 13-year-old Mackenzie Howard was found lying in the back porch of the church in the tiny, remote village of Kake, Alaska. She had been battered to death. With a population of 559, Kake is just one of 75 remote Alaskan villages with no police force. Of the 53 communities in the Arctic Canadian province of Nunavut, only 28 have Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) detachments. 15 of these are staffed by only two people.  Read more.

A fearless defender of women’s rights in prison
Kim Pate has been in jail.  In fact, she’s been in and out of prisons for 23 years.  The public policy warrior from Ontario, Canada’s most influential advocate for women prisoners, will be living in Saskatoon for the next year as the University of Saskatchewan College of Law Ariel F. Sallows Chair in Human Rights. Read more.

South Africa: SA to Attract More Women Into Judiciary
The Department of Justice and Correctional Services will continue with its efforts to ensure transformation of the justice system by addressing race and gender imbalances. Several programs have been put in place to attract more women into the justice system. From one black judge in 1994, the country is currently standing at 155 black judges out of a total of 243. Read more.

Rwanda is proof that more women should work in criminal justice
As the world looks on in horror at the bloodshed in Gaza, Mary Gahonzire brings a unique perspective to the role of women in peacemaking and reconciliation. Gahonzire is deputy commissioner of the Rwanda Correctional Service, which runs prisons in the country that 20 years ago was torn apart by 100 days of killing. Read more.

Fact Sheet: Standing Up for Women’s Civil Rights, 20 Years After VAWA
Twenty years after VAWA first became law, it has helped change a prevailing culture from a refusal to intervene to a responsibility to act – where violence against women is no longer accepted as a societal secret and where it is understood that one case is too many.  While the US Government recognizes there are still many challenges to overcome, the 20 year anniversary VAWA prompted this publication, synthesizing the progress made to date. Read more.

‘More women judges will improve law’: Britain’s only female Supreme Court judge calls for more diversity
Britain’s only female Supreme Court judge, Baroness Hale, says there needs to be more gender equality shown across Britain’s legal system and that by appointing more female judges the quality of justice could be greatly improved. Read more.

Analysis: New chief justice makes court more representative for women
The state of Indiana named its first female chief justice in late August, when Loretta Rush was selected by a seven member nominating panel. Rush is the only female on the state’s highest court, even though women make up nearly 51 percent of the state’s population and the number of women in law schools has been increasing as well; nearly half are now women. Read more.

Survey uncovers sexual assault and harassment in scientific fieldwork
A recent study, reported on collaboratively by professors from Skidmore College, the University of Illinois at Chicago, and Harvard University, found evidence of prevalent sexual harassment and assault of researchers performing fieldwork in studies like anthropology, archeology and geology. The survey results show that 64 percent of survey respondents had been sexually harassed, and 21.7 percent had been sexually assaulted. Read more.

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International News

Investigating alternatives to custody across Europe
The European Observatory on Alternatives to Incarceration, a two year project funded by the European Union, will draw on the expertise of organisations in eight European countries to establish a comparative picture of the use, implementation and success of alternatives to prison in each country. Crucially it intends to identify measures which have reduced the use of custody. Project Information

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Related Interest

Given the topical nature of this subject matter, the demographic of many of our readers, and the reality that if we don’t have children/grandchildren that fall within this age range, we are likely working with clients within this age range, we included the following article.

Routine Cell Phone Activity and Exposure to Sext Messages
Increased cell phone use among adolescents has created new opportunities for deviance and victimization in recent years. Using telephone interview data from a representative sample of adolescents aged 12 to 17 years, the present study applies routine activity theory to explain the receiving of sexts. Overall, the study extends the generality of routine activity theory to teenage sexting, highlights the utility of examining domain-specific routine activity indicators, and offers one of the first theoretically informed analyses concerning the factors associated with adolescent sexting. Link to abstract here.

Extending the Generality of Routine Activity Theory and Exploring the Etiology of a Risky Teenage Behavior
Increased cell phone use among adolescents has created new opportunities for deviance and victimization in recent years. Using telephone interview data from a representative sample of adolescents aged 12 to 17 years, the present study applies routine activity theory to explain the receiving of sexts. Overall, the study extends the generality of routine activity theory to teenage sexting, highlights the utility of examining domain-specific routine activity indicators, and offers one of the first theoretically informed analyses concerning the factors associated with adolescent sexting. Link to abstract here.

A Game Filter reveals behaviour
Game theory is much more than the way we design games. Rather it is the study of strategic decision making, used in economics, political science, biology, psychology and increasingly computer science.  Read more.

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Did You Know?

Crime rate down to lowest levels since 1969: five insights from 2013 police data
It was a good year to be Canadian in 2013 — at least as far as police matters were concerned. Statscan’s police-reported crime statistics for last year, show overall declines in crime rates, the Crime Severity Index (CSI), and most types of crime and violations. Among the findings, the national homicide rate fell to its lowest rate since 1966. Read more.

Police and Employers May Finally See Cannabis Breathalyzer
Just as with the proliferation of breathalyzers in the alcohol industry, a marijuana breathalyzer could go a long ways towards subduing concerns from legislators and law enforcement agencies about the widespread use, let alone total legalization of marijuana. Read more.

When Rhode Island accidentally legalized prostitution, rape decreased sharply
For decades, few people noticed that legislators in Providence had deleted crucial language from Rhode Island state law in 1980. It wasn’t until a 2003 court case that police, to their chagrin, discovered they couldn’t prevent prostitutes and their customers from engaging in commercial exchange. For the next six years until legislators corrected their error, the oldest profession was not a crime in Rhode Island — and public health and public safety substantially improved as a result, according to a new working paper from the National Bureau of Economic Research. Read more.
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